IN PAKISTAN MANGO IS NAMED AS "KING OF THE FRUITS" WHICH IS ALSO THE NATIONAL FRUIT OF PAKISTAN. PAKISTAN’S YEARLY MANGO PRODUCTION IS OVER A MILLION, SINDH PROVINCE PRODUCES ALMOST 50% OF THE TOTAL PRODUCTION WHEREAS MULTAN DISTRICT IS FAMOUS FOR PROVIDING THE BEST QUALITY.
There are many varieties which are grown in Pakistan, but some varieties are very common, such as Sindhri, Langra, Chaunsa, Fajri, Samar Bahist, Anwar Ratole, Dasehri, Saroli, Tuta Pari, Neelam, Maldah, Collector, Bengan Phali, etc but the Sindhari called the king of Mangoes.
Kinnow is a member of Citrus family. It was developed from a lengthy hybridization process, through the cross-breeding of two other varieties King and Will Leaf. It is indigenous product from Pakistan. The finest of all the citrus fruits regard this fruit rich in flavor with exquisite taste. It is easy to peel, the rind containing numerous oil glands, comes off easily with bare hands since it is loosely bound compared to other type of citrus fruits. Therefore kinnow can be just peeled off and enjoyed anywhere, anytime. Pakistan as a nation produces about 12% and stands among the top ten citrus growing countries in the world. These fruits are grown nearly in all the four provinces in varying proportions. and Will Leaf. Our production capacity is 1.30 m tons per season. In Pakistan the kinnow is grown under totally natural conditions to enhance the original flavor of the fruit and to preserve its fundamental goodness.
Balochistan has the largest area under fruits in Pakistan as nearly one million tons of fruits are annually produced from 0.23 million hectares. In this way, Balochistan's share in country's fruit area and production is 32.6 per cent and 17.4 per cent, respectively. The production of deciduous fruits (particularly apple) in Balochistan has a special significance among other fruit growing areas. This is because the environmental conditions are relative far more suitable for the production of apple. Therefore, apple is the first largest planted fruit in Balochistan and it is second most produced fruit after dates in the province. Apple is grown in highlands of Balochistan and it covers 0.101 million hectares with a production of 0.224 million tones having retail value of about Rs6.7 billion. The Tur-Kulu (Red Delicious) and Shin-Kulu (Golden Delicious) are the famous varieties for their very attractive color and taste throughout Pakistan.
In terms of world production, the banana (genus Musa) is one of the top three tropical fruits, along with citrus and pineapple. Banana serves as a staple food in some countries of Africa, Asia, Central and South America.
It has been extensively cultivated in Sindh province, due to suitable environment and soil conditions, Bananas are cut from the plants when green and are transported to markets. It is now a common practice to ripen the banana through ethylene in cold rooms prior the sale to consumer. Blemished banana is desirable to large extent in the country.
A date fruit is the product of a date palm, a tree native to Northern Africa and the Middle East, although it is also cultivated in other parts of the world. In addition to being eaten fresh, the date fruit is dried and eaten whole as a snack or included in an assortment of desserts. Many regional Middle Eastern cuisines incorporate dates, as do Mediterranean cuisines like those of Italy and Greece. Dried dates are usually readily available in most markets, and fresh dates can be found in specialty markets in season.Dates have a big advantage over other fruits and that is that dates can keep for a long time. They do need to be refrigerated or they can be frozen. Refrigerated they will keep for up to a year, and frozen up to five years. It is good to keep them in airtight containers to preserve the moisture.Dates are rich in minerals and relatively high in fiber.
The common guava (Psidium guajava L.) is the most important member of the Myrtaceae family. It is reported to have originated in Central America but now has thoroughly naturalized throughout the tropics and subtropics. By virtue of its commercial and nutritional values, guava is considered a common man's fruit and can be rightly termed as the "apple of the tropics." Guava is of commercial importance in about 58 countries. Pakistan is ranked third among guava producing countries.
Guava being a hardly plant, required less irrigation water and is not affected by extremes of hot or cold temperatures, but cannot tolerate frost.